Samuel of Bulgaria

   Ruled Bulgaria (q.v.) from 976-1014; first Bulgarian ruler to adopt the title tsar (q.v.). Samuel's invasions of Greece (q.v.) from 981-986, which reached as far as the Peloponnesos (qq.v.), culminated in a great victory over Basil II at the pass called Trajan's Gate (q.v.). However, from 991-1014 Basil II (q.v.) struck back in a series of expeditions that reclaimed Greece and took the war into Bulgaria. In 997 Basil's general Nikephoros Ouranos won a decisive victory over Samuel in central Greece at the Spercheios River. In 1004 he captured Skopje, and Dyrrachion (qq.v.) fell in 1005. In 1014 Basil surrounded Samuel's army in the mountain passes of Kleidion and captured 14,000 prisoners, whom he blinded, sending them back to Samuel in groups of a hundred, each group led by a single soldier with one eye. Samuel is said to have died, presumably from a stroke, when he saw his blinded troops.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Samuel of Bulgaria — Samuil redirects here. For the village and municipality in Bulgaria, see Samuil (village). For the Brythonic king ( Samuil of the Britons ), see Sawyl Penuchel. For the Hungarian king, see Samuel Aba. Samuel (Samuil) Tsar (Emperor) of Bulgaria …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgaria —    Established in 681 by Asparuch (q.v.), Bulgaria became the first independent state on Byzantine soil to be recognized by Byzantium (q.v.). The Bulgars, with their capital at Pliska (qq.v.), ruled over a large indigenous population of Slavs… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Bulgaria (theme) — For other uses, see Bulgaria (disambiguation) Bulgaria thema was a Byzantine theme established by emperor Basil II after the defeat over Samuel of Bulgaria(1014 1018 AD).It was based on the wider regions of Skopje and Ohrid [Byzantium in the Year …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgaria (thema) — 1045, el thema de Bulgaria. El thema de Bulgaria fue una provincia del Imperio Bizantino establecida por el emperador Basilio II después de la victoria sobre Samuel de Bulgaria (997 1014) y la caída del Primer Imperio Búlgaro en 1018. Se basó en… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Samuel — samuel. m. C. Rica. Acción de samuelear. || echar un samuel. fr. C. Rica. samuelear. * * * Samuel, Herbert Louis (Šemū´ēl) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Samuel — /sam yooh euhl/, n. 1. a judge and prophet of Israel. I Sam. 1 3; 8 15. 2. either of two books of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: I Sam., II Sam. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning name of God. * * * I (с 11th century BC) Old… …   Universalium

  • Bulgaria — /bul gair ee euh, bool /, n. a republic in SE Europe. 8,652,745; 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Cap.: Sofia. * * * Bulgaria Introduction Bulgaria Background: The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in …   Universalium

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